History of Dance
Trace of dance first appears on cave panting in Africa, research shows that dance has been present from the beginning of mankind. Following some research dance was primarily used as a form of ritual or eventually a rite of passage. Dancers were often the keepers of the history of a people, adding dances throughout time to relate the events of their history. Most cultures throughout history have had dances and related costumes that represent their people and region.
Rhythm is a basic element of music which is indispensable to dance. It is natural to dance on the rhythm of the music.
In some cultures the histories and traditions are passed from generation to generation through dance, e.g. in the warrior dance, young men are taught how to become warriors and this dance will simultaneously develop their strength and agility. Dance is often used in schools as a vehicle to teach other subjects e.g. creative dance may be used to teach children about the rain cycle or to teach children about space, shape and direction.
History of Hip Hop
When Hip Hop first started it was based on a performance, but informal, dance culture. Bboys and Bgirls, which are terms introduced by DJ Kool Herc, would be invited to show off their moves by other people on the street, on the basketball court or wherever the group happened to be. As the moves became more standardised (for example, breaking, popping, and locking), and more and more dancers got caught up in the rhythms of the music, more formal dance venues arose. While these performances were more formal, the competitive nature of Hip Hop remained, as well as the circular nature of the audience surrounding the dancers.